|Roldán + Berengué, arqts. - Plaza Europa, a Social Housing Development in Barcelona, Spain|
|Tuesday, 05 July 2011 07:40|
The tower E.I.O.5 is a social housing project, located in a newly developped central area of Barcelona known as Plaça Europa (Europa Square).
The urban model of the Europa Square provides a generous public space opened to each side of Gran Via and includes 26 mainly residential towers whose height vary between 15 and 20 floors. Tower 5 is located in the farthest crown from the Gran Via which runs half- undergrounded.
In all the buildings of the last ring, most of them public housing produced by different promoters, the master planning laws fixed the floor dimension not to exceed 24x24m, as well as height in which should be located the first floor structure (slab) and the crowing point of the towers.
This project was the object of public competition back in 2005. The architects proposed rescaling the tower according to its position as a perpheral project within the whole development.
From the outside, Each three storeys were grouped together intended to project the perception of a shorter building of 5 storeys in height. Consequently the windows are also grouped in frames 10 meters in height. This framing of the buildin's component is intended to avoid the vertigo sensation.
The choice for the elements for the facade’s assembly followed a comparative study of several constructive solutions evaluating recycled materials, as well as natural material that awould get recycled at the end of its useful life.
The facade is therefore constructed with a 8 mm thick HPL pannels hanging on a hidden structure of recycled aluminium profiles. Black frames are made of 4mm thick aluminium composite panels which brings equal resistance with a lower weight per m2 to any other material with the same features.
All materials used in the tower’s construction are 100% recyclable and 65% of material used in the facade come from are recycled.
The tower is set in floor plan as two towers with T form circulation corridor and two scales in the extremes across the one illuminates the interior in the circulation zone. Every tower has two apartments of 69 m2 in the extremes and one of 56 m2 in the central position. Totally, the program is of 75 units.
In this Project, the apartment unit’s distribution begins in the 14th floor and keeps descending so the compacted residential volume from the superior floor releases a space of 3 levels height with a T form in the access. This piece, generous in volume and “sober” in measures and finishing materials, in its longest dimension it ends being a street with accesses in the extremes and has unusual dimensions for the building’s entrance hall of usual public housing buildings.
Big frames of the facades as well as the space of the entrance hall, work like intermediate spaces of relation, shaping the community scale, between the individual and private scale of the houses and the public city scale.
Project details and credits
Project Name: Social Housing Tower Of 75 Units In Europa Square - E.I.O.5- Incasòl - L’H - Barcelona
Construction End: May 19th, 2010
Architects : José Miguel Roldán Y Mercè Berengué | Roldán + Berengué, Arqts |
Architecture: Vicenç Sanz | Zana Bosnic
Structure: Manuel Arguijo
Installations: Manel Comas | Javier Mateos
Technical Architect: Joan Rovira I Duran
Photography: Jordi Surroca
Total Build Up Area: 10.312,98 m2, Apartment Units: 7.660 m2. Commercial: 1unit s.c. 280,11m2 . Parking: 82 units s.c. 2.660,65m2
Budget: 7,912,000 €, 767 €/m2
Plans and diagrams
|Last Updated on Tuesday, 05 July 2011 09:19|